If you’re interested in learning about the history of Australia’s beautiful state of Victoria, you’ve come to the right place. In this blog post, we’ll take a detailed look at the timeline of Victoria, over 200 years – from 1803 (when there was not yet a building in sight) to now (where there are over five million people, skyscrapers reaching into the clouds, endless bars, cafes, H&M and McKean McGregor Real Estate).
We’ll explore some of the key events and people that have shaped the state into what it is today. So, without further ado, let’s get started!
The first European settlers arrive in Victoria, led by Lieutenant-Governor David Collins. The party includes convicts and free settlers. They set up a temporary camp at Sullivan Bay on the Mornington Peninsula.
A group of around 200 settlers, led by John Batman, arrive in Port Phillip Bay. They establish a settlement called “Batmania”.
Victoria is declared a separate colony from New South Wales, and the colony’s capital is Melbourne.
The Eureka Stockade rebellion takes place at Ballarat. This is a key moment in Victoria’s history, as it leads to reforms that give more power to the people.
Construction begins on the Melbourne-Geelong railway line – this is the first railway line in Victoria. 1861 is also the year that Melbourne is officially declared a city.
The Victorian gold rush begins, leading to a huge influx of people into Victoria from all over the world. During this time, the population of Melbourne reaches over 100,000 people.
The first electric trams begin operating in Melbourne. To this day, the trams are considered a staple of Melbourne’s very identity.
Victoria becomes a state of the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia.
As is the case in much of the rest of the Western world, The Great Depression hits Victoria hard. Many people are left unemployed and homeless.
Victoria plays an important role during World War II, with many military bases and factories being set up across the state.
Melbourne undergoes a period of rapid growth and development, often referred to as the “City Boom”.
Prime Minister Harold Holt disappears while swimming at Cheviot Beach, Victoria; presumed drowned. His body is never found and his disappearance remains an unsolved mystery to this day.
Victoria experiences strong economic growth, driven by industries such as tourism and finance. Melbourne is also named as one of the world’s most liveable cities several times during this period.
Victoria continues to grow and develop, with new infrastructure projects and initiatives being undertaken across the state.
As you can see, Victoria has a long and rich history
If you’re interested in learning more about Victoria’s history, be sure to visit this beautiful state of Australia and immerse yourself in the culture!